What Is Physical Fitness?

A pair in a forest walking with a dog

The difference between activity and exercise

Simply explained, physical activity is body movements that involve the contraction of your muscles. All of the activities we do throughout the day that involve movement, such as walking, lifting, cleaning and yard work, are examples of physical activity. Most people perform at least a few physical activities every day without even realizing it. For instance, standing and cooking or popping out to post a letter both require basic movement.

You might find it interesting to write a mental list of some of the physical activities you conduct each day without usually thinking about them. You may be surprised by how long, or how short, your list is.


Exercise is a specific form of physical activity that is planned, purposeful and performed with the intention of gaining specific adaptations in the body, such as stronger muscles, increased flexibility or improved cardiovascular function. Dancing, swimming, cycling, and running are all examples of exercise.

Are you exercising or being active?

There can be a fine line between the two, so the best way to determine if you’re just being active or if you’re exercising is to do the talk test.

  • If you can talk easily while performing the activity, you are simply being active.
  • If you need to catch your breath and find talking difficult, then you are exercising.

It is the intensity of the task being performed that will determine the health benefits that you will gain from the activity.

Look out for these four physical fitness components and you’ll understand why exercising is just as important as being physically active:

  • Cardio-respiratory endurance
  • Muscular strength
  • Muscular endurance
  • Flexibility

Although it is possible to address all of these fitness components with a physically active lifestyle, an exercise program can help you achieve even greater benefits.

How to get started on an exercise routine

Increasing the amount of physical activity in your everyday life is a perfect way to start on the path towards a healthier, happier, more energised you. But if you really want to achieve increased fitness, you’ll want to incorporate structured more vigorous activities into your schedule a few days a week.

The key to living a healthy, active lifestyle is to take it one day at a time. And try to choose activities that you thoroughly enjoy. Over time, you can increase intensity and perhaps the duration. Remember that your body is unique, and understanding your health needs (not your neighbour’s needs) will keep you on the right track towards a healthy lifestyle.

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en-ZA | 2020/07/15 05:05:39 AM | NAMP2HLASPX03